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Home Other HPV Cancers Other HPV Cancers Thousands of HPV-Associated Cancers Occur Annually in the U.S.

Thousands of HPV-Associated Cancers Occur Annually in the U.S.

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No surprise, cervical cancer the most common

Nearly 25,000 HPV-related cancers occurred each year in the U.S. between 1998-2003, according to a data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

“Assessing the Burden of HPV-Associated Cancers in the United States (ABHACUS),” was published by CDC’s Division of Cancer Prevention and Control as a supplement in the November 15, 2008 issue of the journal Cancer. The statistics give a baseline snapshot of how many cancers due to HPV occur each year, information that’s necessary in coming years to fully assess just how effective HPV vaccine programs are in preventing diseases. Data in the report were drawn from two large national databases, CDC’s National Program of Cancer Registries (NPCR) and NCI’s Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program.

For the period studied, cancer of the cervix was the most common cancer related to HPV (Nearly 9 cases per 100,000 females in the U.S. population). Other sites where HPV-associated cancers were most often detected were the oral cavity/oropharynx, anus, vulva, penis, and vagina. The researchers also found that women with cervical cancer are at icreased risk of vaginal, vulvar, and rectal cancers.

Disparities Persist
When looking at the burden of HPV-related cancers by ethnicity, the ABHACUS data shows that communities of color are disproportionately impacted. Cervical cancer rates were highest among black and Hispanic women, for example, most likely the result of economic and social barriers that hinder access to health care.

Lynn Barclay, ASHA’s President and CEO says this is no surprise. “We know that African-American and Hispanic women are not only more often diagnosed with cervical cancer, but their outcomes tend to be much worse than white women with the disease. These striking inequities are fueled in part by poverty, lack of access to health care, and numerous other social factors.”

For more information, read CDC’s HPV-Associated Cancers in the United States, 1998–2003: Questions and Answers.

Supplement: Assessing the Burden of HPV-Associated Cancers in the United States. Cancer, 2008. 113(S10):2837 - 3057